The figure exceeds 60% in some disciplines, according to a survey by a group of researchers including Dr. Tran Quang Tuyen, Dr. Vu Van Huong and graduate Vu Bich Ngoc.
The report was released at a recent seminar on jobs for graduates with a bachelor’s degree in business and administration in fields in which they have not received training, held at the International University of the National University from Hanoi.
Researchers found that 31.6% of polytechnic, technology, architecture and construction graduates have jobs in other fields.
The figure in majors related to humanities and arts is 63%. As for graduates in natural sciences, mathematics and information technology (IT), the proportion is 60.6%. The highest figure, 67%, was in agriculture, forestry, fisheries and veterinary fields.
Meanwhile, the lowest proportion of graduates who take jobs in fields in which they are not trained is in business and administration, at just 13.26%. Graduates of these majors can choose from a wide variety of jobs.
The survey used data from the Labor and Employment Surveys of 2018, 2019 and 2020, focusing on workers with a bachelor’s degree and salaried workers. The age limit was 60 years old.
Education-to-work mismatches occur when the qualifications required for specific jobs do not match the educational qualifications of the labor force.
To learn more about the differences, the group of researchers focused on majors related to business and administration, since the number of workers who complete their university studies in this field accounts for a large proportion (28.6% in 2018 and 29.5% in 2020).
The researchers found that the proportion of education-job mismatch of business and administration majors increased steadily with age, from 11.64% for recent graduates to 21.88% at age 50 until retired.
In general, workers in fields in which they received no training have a lower average income than those working in their fields of training.
The average income of graduates with a bachelor’s degree in commerce and administration who worked in their own field was VND 9.4 million in 2020, while those who worked in fields in which they had not been trained earned 8, 01 million VND.
The figures were respectively 9.1 million and 7.6 million VND in 2019 and 8.2 million VND and 6.9 million VND in 2018.
The proportion of mismatch between education and employment is higher in rural areas, as well as for male workers and business households, and in foreign-owned and state-owned sectors.